Hi all,

I tend to use `brms`

to do modelling with Stan and am a little out of my depth when it comes to implementing some types of model. I was wondering if anyone could help.

Imagine that I want to model how two variables, x_1 and x_2 affect some binary variable y. But assume also that I have some prior knowledge that their effects will change over time. For the avoidance of doubt, I have data on multiple respondents at each time point.

To model this, I use a “rolling regression” as follows:

y_{i} \sim \mathrm{Bernoulli}(\pi_{I}) \\ logit(\pi_{i}) = \alpha_{t} + \beta_{1t} x_{1ti} + \beta_{2t} x_{2ti}\\ \alpha_{1} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(0, 1.5) \\ \alpha_{t} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(\alpha_{t-1}, \sigma_{\alpha}) \text{ for } t \in [2, \dots, T] \\ \beta_{1,1} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(0, 0.5) \\ \beta_{1,t} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(\beta_{1, t-1}, \sigma_{\beta_{1}}) \text{ for } t \in [2, \dots, T] \\ \beta_{2,1} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(0, 0.5) \\ \beta_{2,t} \sim \mathrm{Normal}(\beta_{2, t-1}, \sigma_{\beta_{2}}) \text{ for } t \in [2, \dots, T] \\

What do I need to do to specify a covariance structure to allow for pooling across \alpha, \beta_{1}, and \beta_{2}? (Any other tips welcome too!)

At the moment, my Stan code is as follows:

```
data {
int<lower = 1> N; // Number of cases in the data
int<lower = 1> T; // Number of days in the data
int Y[N];
vector[N] x1;
vector[N] x2;
int<lower = 1> time[N]; // Time tracker
vector[N] w8; // Weights
}
parameters {
vector[T] alpha; // Intercept
vector[T] beta1;
vector[T] beta2;
real<lower = 0> sigma_alpha; // Intercept variability
real<lower = 0> sigma_beta1;
real<lower = 0> sigma_beta2;
}
model{
// Initialise linear predictor
vector[N] mu;
// Specify model
for(n in 1:N){
mu[n] = alpha[time[n]] + beta1[time[n]] * x1[n] + beta2[time[n]] * x1[n];
}
// Adaptive autoregressive prior on alpha
target += normal_lpdf(alpha[1] | 0, 1.5);
for(t in 2:T){
target += normal_lpdf(alpha[t] | alpha[t - 1], sigma_alpha);
}
target += exponential_lpdf(sigma_alpha | 2);
// Adaptive autoregressive prior on beta1
target += normal_lpdf(beta1[1] | 0, 0.5);
for(t in 2:T){
target += normal_lpdf(beta1[t] | beta1[t - 1], sigma_alpha);
}
target += exponential_lpdf(sigma_beta1 | 2);
// Adaptive autoregressive prior on beta2
target += normal_lpdf(beta2[1] | 0, 0.5);
for(t in 2:T){
target += normal_lpdf(beta2[t] | beta2[t - 1], sigma_alpha);
}
target += exponential_lpdf(sigma_beta2 | 2);
// Likelihood functions
for(n in 1:N){
target += w8[n] * (bernoulli_logit_lpmf(Y[n] | mu[n]));
}
}
```