Has anyone seen examples of expert knowledge elicitation of probabilities using Bayesian inference?

Section 6.3 in this paper describes the general idea I am on the lookout for, but is a bit light on examples and prior work.

To be more concrete, let us assume we have a coin with an unknown bias and an appropriate prior (e.g. symmetric beta or uniform). Now let’s assume we ask multiple experts about the coin. Different questions could be:

- what side is going to come up?
- what do you think the probability of heads is?
- using N chips, how would you distribute them between heads and tails in a roulette scenario to maximize your expected winnings?

What would be a reasonable observation model for the expert responses? For the first type of response, should we consider it on equal par with an observation of the coin or should we use some second-order notion, i.e. the expert’s hypothetical coin is generated from the same hierarchical prior as the true coin enabling a sort of pooling? Should we take into account that the expert is solving a decision problem?

I think the last type of response is most interesting since there’s both a high amount of information in the response and it articulates probabilities in a relatable manner, but the observation model seems challenging. Maybe one could consider the chips as drawn from a multinomial distribution and pool with the true random process using a beta/dirichlet prior?

Another option would be to consider his response as being based on a latent dataset of draws experienced by the expert, with his response being either a draw from or a maximum over his personal posterior belief.