Priors on derived quantities of model

I have a general question about priors:

Imagine that i derived a posterior p(f|y) from a previous experiment about a quantity which is function of my new modeling problem f(\theta) . Since theta has a larger dimension the invers f^-1 does not exist. I can not reformulate this posterior as a prior(\theta) analytically.

I guess a statement in stan such as
target += p(f|y)
give my model for the new data implicitly the correct prior probabilities on the \theta manifold?

Has someone counter-arguments on this approach?

Thanks, Jan

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Sorry we weren’t able to get to your question earlier.

@andrewgelman wrote about this here which I think is a worthy read.


For reference, this idea is also used in Markov melding and Bayesian benchmarking.


Thank you, Prof. Gelmans blog cleared my thoughs on this. And Ill have a look in the papers know.